The name honeysuckle is sometimes given to the columbine and to several species of azalea. It should correctly be given only to the members of the honeysuckle family. This is a group of more than 150 species of sturdy shrubs and climbing plants which grow wild or in gardens throughout the Northern Hemisphere. All the species have dark rounded leaves and funnel shaped, often sweet-scented, flowers, which are followed by brilliant crimson or orange berries. In North America there are some 25 species, including the evergreen trumpet honeysuckle, which bears flowers that are scarlet outside and orange inside. Most cultivated honeysuckles, however, have been introduced from other countries. They may spread from cultivated gardens to the fields and woods. Among these are the Tartarian honeysuckle, a large Asiatic shrub which bears its rosy-white flowers in early spring; the honeysuckle has funnel-shaped, sweet scented flowers.
European woodbine honeysuckle, the flowers of which are yellowish white inside and red or purple without; the Japanese honeysuckle, which opens its flowers in the evening; and the bushy fly honeysuckle, the branches of which are used in Europe, its native home, as pipe-stems and walking sticks.Hollyhock is a favorite garden flower throughout the United States and many other countries. It is native to China, but has been grown in other places for hundreds of years. The hollyhock belongs to the Mallow family. Among its relatives are marshmallow, cotton, and okra.
The stately flowering stalks grow from five to nine feet tall. The large showy flowers are three or more inches across. They are white or shades of maroon, red, pink, yellow, or salmon. They may be single or double, with plain or frilled petals. The flowers bloom from June to late summer and last three or four days. When the fruit is ripe, it breaks into many parts, each with one seed. Hollyhocks are mainly biennials. They are grown from seed usually planted in July or early August for bloom the next year. There is an annual hollyhock that blooms during its first summer if it is started early indoors. Some hollyhocks are short-lived perennials.
Hollyhocks need rich, well-drained soil, and grow best in sunny places. They often grow from self sown seeds, but flowers from such plants may be a different color from those of the parent.