Marigolds have always been a gardener’s favorite. They are inexpensive, very easy to care for, and once planted, a marigold plant will continue to bloom throughout the season.
The marigold flowers belong to a variety of genera and come from different regions of the world. The genus, Tagetes is the super class used to group together all the species categorized as common marigold. A total of 56 annual and perennial species are included under the genus, Tagetes. These herbaceous plants belong to the families, Compositae and Asteraceae. These flowers can be found around the globe however, are native to the continents of South America and North America.
Facts about Marigold Flowers
There are many different types of marigold flowers. Descriptions of these flower types are presented below.
Flowers produced by the common marigold vary in color and one can find yellow, orange, golden as well as white blooms. The diameter of floral heads range from 4-6 cm. Florets are of two types i.e. either disc or ray florets.
About 12-20 species grouped under the genus, Calendula are referred to as pot marigolds. Orange and yellow are colors that one can find in these flowers. Appearance of the pot marigolds is a bit like daisies. Earlier, the pot marigold flowers were used for cooking. It is because of the purpose behind the use of blooms (for cooking) that they are referred to as pot marigolds.
The tree marigolds are known by different names like Mexican sunflower, Mexican tournesol and Nitobe chrysanthemum. The botanical name of this flower is Tithonia diversifolia. By the end of Meiji Period, import of this flowering plant had started in Japan. Blooms of this marigold resemble sunflowers and possess orange color.
The blooming season of marigolds extend from mid-summer through to the winter. The marigold plants grow well in light conditions ranging from bright sunny to partial shady. Propagation is carried out by means of seeds; these plants are cultivated outdoors as well as in containers. The seeds have to be covered with light soil just after sowing and watered thoroughly. Transplanting of this flowering plant is done after the last frost date. Tips for growing marigold flowers presented above, should prove to be useful.
The marigolds are used for ornamental as well as medicinal purpose. The tree marigold described above, has many applications in the field of medicine. In Taiwan, the tree marigold is used as a herbal medicine. It finds use in improvement of the functioning of liver. The flower is also used in the treatment of bone fractures, sprains, contusions, etc. Marigolds which belong to the genus, Calendula are used in aromatherapy. In the aromatherapy, health problems that are dealt with include scars, eczema, rashes, cracked skin, viral infections and inflammation. Seeds of marigold are used in the treatment of a variety of health problems including stomach cramps, insomnia, cancer, etc. Traditional as well as modern medical practitioners reiterate the importance of marigold in the field of medicine. Marigold flowers are used in the preparation of tonics, expectorants, diuretics, etc. The juices obtained from marigold flowers are used in the treatment of snakebites. Alcoholic extracts of marigold flowers are known to possess antibiotic properties. The pathogenic bacteria and fungi can be treated with these extracts. Information presented above makes us aware of the different marigold flower benefits.
The marigold flowers with their bright and attractive shades are considered good for ornamental purpose. However, these flowers are also known for their medicinal properties. The facts presented above, should help us understand about the importance of marigold flowers from different angles.