Category Archives: Birds Life

Peacock Habitat and Behavior

This article displays some of the handy Peacock facts for kids that are not presented frequently. Basically there are two species of flying birds that belongs to the pheasant family and is known as peafowl. The male is identified as a peacock whereas females are called peahen; juveniles (chicks) are recognized as peachicks. Peacock is the national bird of India. More than three thousand years ago, Phoenicians brought several species to Egypt and used for several purposes including decorating.

PeacockThe peacock is well-known for its brightly colored feathers, but did you know that the peacock is actually a male peafowl? The Female peafowl does not have the extravagant large feathers that the male peafowl (peacock) has. Females measure around 34 inches long and weigh around 7.4 lbs. The male, with the feathers being high in the air, measure 7.4 feet and weigh around 11 lbs. Peacocks are considered to be loyal and faithful to their partners. In Mythology, the peacock has been said to die of grief if it loses its mate. During Mating Season, the peacock will grab the females attention by raising his long beautiful tail feathers into the air and shaking them. They both have an average life span of twenty years in the wild. They are peaceful animals that prefer to live in large, open spaces but without any kind of commotion.

Peacock Behavioral Facts

These birds present a strange behavior in that they build nests on the ground and perch on the trees.

These birds are aggressive and do not accept any uninvited creature or even other peafowl in his territory. However, the chicks tend to cross the territorial jurisdiction generally. These crossing juveniles must belong to those parents for which they transverse the territory, otherwise adults would not greet them.

Peacocks are highly sociable birds and they are very fond of interacting with humans by showing magnanimity toward them.

These birds travel in colonies of 8 – 10 peacocks.

While the mating season arrives, the peacocks produce a loud sound.

We All Need To Protect The Rarest Hawaii’s Forest Birds

Refer to the birds, we would think that they are lovely and alive at the first time, they are quite benefical for the earth, so someone ever said that the birds are the best friends for the human. I believe that we all know about Hawaii, it is very famous for its beautiful scenery, but recently, a report said that three species of rarest Hawaii’s forest birds have been found at the lowest elevations in three decades, giving researchers hope for their continued survival.

Hawaii's Forest Bird

The rediscovery of the three species occurred at the Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge, which is located on the northeast slopes of Mauna Kea. The three species are the Hawaii creeper, Hawaii ‘akepa and ‘akiapola‘au, are believed to be highly susceptible to mosquito-transmitted diseases, including avian malaria. It was thought the birds’ distribution was limited to cooler, higher elevations that are less favorable to mosquitoes.

Staff at the Hakalau refuge, which is controlled by the USFWS, heard the songs of the creeper and ‘akepa at the 4,200-foot elevation, within a mile of where they were last observed during a 1977 forest bird survey. More importantly, scientists said, ‘akiapola‘au were heard and observed 1,000 feet lower in elevation from previous sightings in the 1970s. They said these new observations significantly extend the current known range of these species at Hakalau.

Extensive forest bird surveys showed the area containing the refuge to be among the best-high-elevation rainforest habitats remaining in Hawaii, which led to the establishment of the Hakalau refuge in 1985. It is the only national wildlife refuge dedicated to the conservation and restoration of Hawaiian forest birds. A 2005 USGS study noted that increased lowland sightings of the Hawaii ‘amakihi in the Puna district indicated that some native species have the capacity to evolve resistance to avian malaria.

Vultures, As Part Of The Group Known As Birds Of Prey

Vulture is the name of a bird that mainly preys on dead animals and occasionally hunts its own quarry. It is found across the world, with the exception of Antarctica and Oceania. Vultures are basically divided into two groups, namely Old World vultures and New World vultures. The former belong to the family Accipitridae and are found inhabiting Africa, Asia and Europe. The latter, on the other hand, belong to the family Cathartidae and are mainly seen in the warm and temperate areas of the Americas. In case you want to know more about the bird, read the interesting as well as amazing information provided in the following lines.

vultureEaters of the Dead: Vultures, as part of the group known as birds of prey, have acute eyesight, muscular legs and sharp bills. While most birds of prey feed on live animals, the vulture specializes in eating the bodies of the dead. When a particularly good prize is discovered, it is not uncommon to find up to six different species of vulture taking part in the feeding frenzy.

Skills and Adaptations: Some species have adaptations or skills suited to the scavenger way of life. The African white-backed vulture lacks feathers on its long neck. This helps the bird dig deep into a carcass without getting soiled. The small Egyptian vulture, which rarely has a chance when other larger vultures are tearing into a carcass, has learned to use stones to break open ostrich eggs. The Turkey vulture, often called a buzzard, has an acute sense of smell, enabling it to find roadkill before other vultures can beat it to its reward.

Old World and New World: The Old World vultures of Africa, Asia and Europe are not closely related to the New World vultures of the Americas. These birds are collectively called vultures because they look similar and fill the same ecological niche.

Fun Vulture Facts

– Vultures can remain aloft for hours, soaring gracefully on the thermals (warm air) on their long, broad wings.

– When flying the Turkey vulture rocks from side to side, rarely flapping its wings. Its wings are at a V-angle called a dihedral.

– New World vultures have no voice.

– The Hooded vulture (Old World) prefers wetter climates.

– Black vultures (New World) regurgitate when confronted.

– California Condor (North America) and Andean Condor (South America) are also vultures.

Cool Facts About Vultures

The Rueppell’s griffon vulture is the world’s highest flying bird. In 1973, one collided with an airplane off the Ivory Coast; at the time, the plane was flying at 37,000 feet.

Vultures can eat up to 20 percent of their own body weight in one sitting.

Vultures are equipped with a digestive system that contains special acids that will dissolve anthrax, botulism, and cholera bacteria.

Vultures do not go after healthy prey, but will attack wounded and dying animals.

New World vultures have the unusual habit of urohydrosis, or defecating on their legs to cool them evaporatively.

The bald, or lightly-feathered, head is specially designed to stay clean even when confronted with blood and bodily fluids present in the carcasses. Any remaining germs are baked off by the sun.

A group of vultures is called a venue, and when circling the air, a group of vultures is called a kettle.

By consuming the carcasses of diseased animals, vultures prevent the spread of life-threatening diseases such as rabies and anthrax among animals and humans.

The Little Fellow Peeking Over The Branch

Sometimes I spot him as early as 6:30 AM if I’m lucky.But Mr. Red-belly can be seen at various times throughout the day, diligently gathering food for his hungry offspring.Such a hard worker! He carries a sunflower seed from the feeder over to the nearby sugar maple and cracks it open.At first I thought he was gathering his own breakfast until one morning I spotted…this little fellow peeking over the branch,

  ….waiting for Daddy to bring another seed.

Ah, here he comes. Hurry Dad, I’m starved!

I wonder how many tiny morsels it takes to fill that little tummy.

How about some suet?

Oh, yes please!

And back he goes for more.What’s taking so long?Sometimes Dad has to argue with the sparrows about whose turn it is. They’re feeding babies too, you know!

But can’t you see I’m hungrier than they are?

Overworked and underpaid, don’t you know?I work my beak off, and what do I get? Squawk, squawk, more, more!Doesn’t this child ever sleep? Why can’t his mother do this?But Mommy is nowhere to be seen. Perhaps she’s on duty elsewhere.I did see this female on the maple trunk back in the middle of May, but haven’t noticed one since.

Notice the difference in the coloring on the female’s head? She has a gap in the red while Daddy’s head color goes all the way to his beak.Red-bellies are often misnamed red-headed woodpeckers for obvious reasons, but you can see what a red-head looks like here at Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s great site, All About Birds.

Last time I saw the youngster was August 4th. He came by himself, or at least he appeared to be alone. Daddy was nowhere in sight. See how the red has come in on his head in just over a week?

I didn’t see him eat anything before he flew into the maple tree, but it looks like he’s becoming more independant, getting out on his own. I’ll bet Dad is happy about that!I hope we’re lucky enough to see the little guy feeding a baby of his own next year.